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Wildlife Sanctuaries

wildlife sanctuary

The rugged Western Ghats, known as the Sahyadris in Goa, make it an ideal haven for many species of birds and animals and also provide a corridor for migration. The widest belt of forests along the Western Ghats is in Goa and neighbouring Karnataka state. The high rainfall accounts for this because the elevation of the mountain range here is lower.

The coastal areas on the other hand, provide the tropical backdrop. There are several plants and trees unique to Goa and some introduced by the Portuguese, most famous of which is the green chillies, which today has become an essential ingredient in the Indian Curry.

The tropical location of Goa is responsible for its warm humid climate and laterite and lateritic clayey-loamy soil. The mean temperature even in the coldest month is over 20 degrees centigrade.

Average rainfall is over 500mm along the Western Ghats and a little less elsewhere. The length of the dry season averages from 7 to 8 months. For all these reasons, the dominant vegetation is of the moist deciduous type.

Goa is endowed with over 1512 documented species of plants, over 275 genera of birds, over 48 genera of animals and over 60 genera of reptiles.

About 10% of Goa is set aside as wildlife reserve and this area includes one National Park, five large Wildlife Sanctuaries and one Bird Sanctuary.

 
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On the western tip of the island of Chorao along Mandovi river, mangrove swamps cover this bird-watchers' paradise aptly named after India's best-known ornithologist. This is Goa's only bird sanctuary, 1.8 sq kms in area. A variety of local and migratory birds can be...
 
 
 
The Bhagwan Mahavir Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the village of Mollem. With a total area of 240 sq km, this is the largest of Goa's four protected wildlife areas, and contains within it the Mollem National Park.
 
 
 
Bondla Wildlife Sanctuary, located 38 kms from Margao, is the smallest of the wildlife sanctuaries of Goa. More than a sanctuary, it is an ideal jungle resort run by the Forest Department, a major attraction for school going children and nature lovers. It is...
 
 
 
If one wants to see multi-storeyed forests with tall trees and rare plants, where hardly any light reaches the ground, Cotigao Wildlife Sanctuary is the place to go to. It is located on NH-17 in Canacona taluka, in the south of Goa and touches...
 
 
 
 
4 results - showing 1 - 4

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